Organs that can be transplanted are the liver, small bowel, kidney, pancreas, heart, and lung.
A kidney transplant operation places a healthy kidney in your body. This kidney takes over the work of the two kidneys that failed, so you no longer need dialysis. Transplanted kidneys come from a deceased or living donor.
Often, the new kidney will start making urine as soon as your blood starts flowing through it.
After surgery, most patients return to work and their normal levels of activity.
Lung transplant surgery can replace one or both diseased lungs. Lungs can come from either a deceased or living donor.
A transplant may be recommended if you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial lung diseases, or primary pulmonary hypertension, among others.
A heart transplant replaces a damaged/diseased heart with a healthy one from a donor who has died. This is the final treatment option for people with heart failure where all other options have failed. Heart failure may occur due to congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease, damaged heart valves, heart muscles, or viral infections.
As with other transplants, you must take medication to prevent your body from rejecting the new heart.
The pancreas makes insulin and enzymes that help the body digest and use food. A pancreas transplant is surgery to place a healthy pancreas from a deceased donor into a person with a diseased pancreas. A common reason for this type of damage is diabetes.
People who have transplants must take medication to keep their body from rejecting the new organ.
Small bowel transplant replaces a diseased or shortened small bowel with a healthy bowel from a donor. A small bowel transplant is considered when complications develop from total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or when a person is unable to tolerate this form of feeding. TPN nutrition is where liquid nutrition is given through a drip. After surgery, you will need to take medication to prevent organ rejection.
Tissue transplantation includes corneas, skin, bone, cardiovascular tissue the islet cells of the pancreas and connective tissue. One donor can provide tissue for many recipients undergoing various procedures.
Bone grafts repair or rebuild diseased bone in hips, knees, spine and other joints - often as a result of fractures or cancers. Once your body accepts the bone graft, it provides a framework for growth of new, living bone.
Bone for transplant comes from donors who have died.
Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation (VCA) is the transplantation of multiple tissues such as muscle, bone, nerve and skin as a functional unit. Examples of VCA include upper limb (hand), facial tissue and abdominal wall.